Announcing Epoch: A research initiative investigating the road to transformative AI

The Epoch Team
We’re a new research initiative forecasting developments in AI. Come join us!


  • We are a new research initiative working on investigating trends in Machine Learning and forecasting the development of Transformative Artificial Intelligence
  • This work is done in close collaboration with other organizations, like Rethink Priorities and Open Philanthropy
  • We will be hiring for 2-4 full-time roles this summer – more information here

What is Epoch?

Epoch is a new research organization that works to support AI strategy and improve forecasts around the development of Transformative Artificial Intelligence (TAI) – AI systems that have the potential to have an effect on society as large as that of the industrial revolution.

Our founding team consists of seven members – Jaime Sevilla, Tamay Besiroglu, Lennart Heim, Pablo Villalobos, Eduardo Infante-Roldán, Marius Hobbhahn, and Anson Ho. Collectively, we have backgrounds in Machine Learning, Statistics, Economics, Forecasting, Physics, Computer Engineering, and Software Engineering.

Jaime Sevilla

Jaime is a researcher focused on statistics and technological forecasting. Besides his role at Epoch, he is a research affiliate of the Centre for the Study of Existential Risk at Cambridge University and the cofounder of Riesgos Catastróficos Globales.

Tamay Besiroglu
Associate director

Tamay is a researcher focusing on the Economics of Computing and big-picture trends in Machine Learning. In addition to his role at Epoch, Tamay is a researcher at the Future Tech Lab at MIT, and AI Forecasting Lead at Metaculus. Previously, he led strategy for Metaculus, consulted for the UK Government, and worked at the Future of Humanity Institute.

Pablo Villalobos
Staff Researcher

Pablo has a background in Mathematics and Computer Science. After spending some time as a software engineer, he decided to pivot towards AI. His interests include the economic consequences of advanced AI systems and the role of algorithmic improvements in AI progress.

Anson Ho
Staff Researcher

Anson is a researcher and writer for Epoch. His research interests are in interpretability, theoretical AI alignment, and ensuring safe AI development through governance and strategy. Prior to this, he completed his BSc in physics at the University of St Andrews.

Lennart Heim
Research Fellow and Strategy Specialist

Lennart is a researcher on AI and compute. His research interests include the role of compute in the AI production function, the compute landscape/supply chain, security of AI systems, and forecasting emerging technologies. He is a research affiliate with the Centre for the Governance of AI in Oxford and has a background in Computer Engineering.

Marius Hobbhahn
Research Fellow

Marius builds models for AI timelines and takeoff using historical trends and his best understanding of the future.

Eduardo Infante-Roldán
Software Engineer

Eduardo does some programming.

Ege Erdil
Intern Researcher

Ege is an undergraduate student at Middle East Technical University. He has interests in mathematics, statistics, economics and forecasting.

Owen Dudney
Intern Researcher

Owen is an undergraduate student at the University of Chicago. He’s interested in writing, forecasting the development and implementation of photonic computing technologies, and global AI governance.

Our work involves close collaboration with other organizations, Open Philanthropy, and Rethink PrioritiesAI Governance and Strategy team. We are advised by Tom Davidson from Open Philanthropy and Neil Thompson. Rethink Priorities is also our fiscal sponsor.

Our mission

Epoch seeks to clarify when and how TAI capabilities will be developed.

We see these two problems as core questions for informing AI strategy decisions by grantmakers, policy-makers, and technical researchers.1

We believe that to make good progress on these questions we need to advance towards a field of AI forecasting. We are committed to developing tools, gathering data and creating a scientific ecosystem to make collective progress towards this goal.

Our research agenda

Our work at Epoch encompasses two interconnected lines of research:

  • The analysis of trends in Machine Learning. We aim to gather data on what has been happening in the field during the last two decades, explain it, and extrapolate the results to inform our views on the future of AI.

  • The development of quantitative forecasting models related to advanced AI capabilities. We seek to use techniques from economics and statistics to predict when and how fast AI will be developed.

These two research strands feed into each other: the analysis of trends informs the choice of parameters in quantitative models, and the development of these models brings clarity on the most important trends to analyze.

A sketch of Epoch’s research agenda. We plan to develop quantitative models to forecast advanced AI capabilities, and to research and extrapolate trends in Machine Learning.

Besides this, we also plan to opportunistically research topics important for AI governance where we are well positioned to do so. These investigations might relate to compute governance, near-term advances in AI and other topics.

Our work so far

Earlier this year we published Compute Trends Across Three Eras of Machine Learning. We collected and analyzed data about the training compute budget of >100 Machine Learning models across history. Consistent with our commitment to field building, we have released the associated dataset and an interactive visualization tool to help other researchers understand these trends better. This work has been featured in Our World in Data, in The Economist and at the OECD.

More recently we have published Grokking “Forecasting TAI with biological anchors” and Grokking “Semi-informative priors over AI timelines”. In these pieces, Anson Ho dissects two popular AI forecasting models. These are the two first installments of a series of articles covering work on quantitative forecasting of when we will develop TAI.

Diagram summarizing Ajeya Cotra’s biological anchors model.

You can see more of our work on our blog. Here is a selection of further work by Epoch members:


We expect to be hiring for several full-time research and management roles this summer. Salaries range from $60,000 for entry roles to $80,000 for senior roles.

If you think you might be a good fit for us, please apply! If you’re unsure whether this is the right role for you, we strongly encourage you to apply anyway. Please register your interest for these roles through our webpage.

  1. Here is a post by Buck Shlegeris of Redwood Research which argues that takeoff speeds are highly relevant to AI Alignment research.